Family and friends of the deceased packed the courtroom.
The Lincoln County Assistant District Attorney asked for the death penalty as Judge David Strong presided.
Godbolt is charged with four counts of capital murder, four counts of murder, one of attempted murder, two of kidnapping and one of armed robbery.
Prosecutors would not elaborate on a motive.
"We need to protect his constitutional rights and that's what we're gonna do," said Lincoln County District Attorney Dee Bates. "Our main thing is actually deal with the case that we've got at this particular moment and at the conclusion we'll be happy to speak to everyone after that."
Family members of the eight victims declined comment after leaving the proceedings.
Godbolt is accused of shooting and killing seven relatives and a Lincoln County Sheriff's Deputy following an argument with his estranged wife.